Project # 1
Basic Research. Select one research article that uses animal participants and
relates to some applied issue or area of psychology that deals with human
interests, issues or potential, e.g., animal models of depression; fear reactions
(anxiety treatment), stimulus control and addiction, attention and learning
disabilities, or any topic that interests you. The article must be published in a
peer-reviewed journal that meets American Psychological Association (APA)
standards (many do not) but, not necessarily from a journal published by APA.
Recent is better, it would be likely to be a journal of the APA such as: Behavioral
Neuroscience; Journal of Comparative Psycholosy, Journal of Experimental
Psycholoey: Animal Behavior Processes. etc. It might also be non-APA, e.g.,
American Psychological Society (APS), The Psychonomic Society, JEAB &
JABA, or The Society for Neuroscience.
The project is designed to have students describe the
logic for animal research, as it benefits humans, from a contemporary science
view. Get approval from the professor and download the article and print.
- Project 1 Report includes:
- Proper (i.e. APA style) Cover Title is (Project 1) running head
- Text *
- Proper (again APA style)
Please include your paper copy of the journal report; Highlight the IV & DV on
the text of the abstract.
- The text will consist of two First, the student will identify at least one Independent & Dependent Variable(s) (IV & DV), with a clear concise statement about the functional relation inferred from the experimental observations, i.e., how the IV effected the DV. Secondly, the student will in their own words describe how the basic science of the experimental research relates to and generalizes to the real world of application and treatment in psychology.
- The assignment should not exceed more than two pages of text (250-
WHAT ARE INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT VARIABLES?
Question: What’s a variable?
Answer: A variable is an object, event, idea, feeling, time period, or any other type of category
you are trying to measure. There are two types of variables-independent and dependent.
Question: What’s an independent variable?
Answer: An independent variable is exactly what it sounds like. It ls a variable that stands alone
and isn’t changed by the other variables you are trying to measure. For example, someone’s age
might be an independent variable. Other factors (such as what they eat, how much they go to
school, how much television they watch) aren’t going to change a person’s age. In fact, when
you are looking for some kind of relationship between variables you are trylng to see if the
independent variable causes some kind of change in the other variables, or dependent variables.
Question: What’s a dependent variable?
Answer: lust like an independent variable, a dependent variable is exactly what it sounds like.
It is something that depends on other factors. For example, a test score could be a dependent
variable because it could change depending on several factors such as how much you studied,
how much sleep you got the night before you took the test, or even how hungry you were when
you took it, Usually when you are looking for a relationship between two things you are trying to
find out what makes the dependent variable change the way it does.
Many people have trouble remembering which is the independent variable and which is the
dependentvariable. An easy way to remember is to insertthe names of the two variables you
are using in this sentence in they way that makes the most sense. Then you can figure out which
is the independent variable and which is the dependent variable:
(Independent variable) causes a change in (Dependent Variable) and it isn’t possible that
(Dependent Variable) could cause a change in (Independent Variable).
(Time Spent Studying) causes a change in (Test Score) and it isn’t possible that (Test Score)
could cause a change in (Time Spent Studying).
We see that “Time Spent Studying” must be the independent variable and “Test Score” must be
the dependent variable because the sentence doesn’t make sense the other way around.