• PS rules
Phrase Structure Rules: principles of grammar that specify the constituency of syntactic categories. A speaker’s knowledge of the permissible and impermissible structures must exist as a finite set of rules that “generate” any sentence in the language.
• Recursion (definition/examples)
Recursion: the property of language that allows for the embedding of categories (the infinity of language)
Example: Alex has a red car.
Alex, whom you know very well, has a red car.
Alex, whom you know very well, has a red car which is parked there.