(Done Paper) In The Self and Socialization section of the Schaefer reading for the week (p. 57), Jean Piaget’s work was

(Done Paper) In The Self and Socialization section of the Schaefer reading for the week (p. 57), Jean Piaget’s work was

Work to do:

Do a reply to the answers that had made on the bottom.

The DB grading rubric for a reply is based upon the following criteria.

1.) You first identify a specific part of a classmate’s response that is your main focus.

2.) You either build and improve upon a classmate’s response (not just agree with it), or you pivot away in a different direction from a classmate’s response, in a sociologically imaginative way.

3.) You provide a reasoned justification for why, either building upon or pivoting away from the classmate’s response, in the way that you do, is important.

4.) You specifically “quote” verbatim something in one of the readings or a media item for the week, explain how the quote informed your reply, and provide an author and page number (if a reading) or a video time-mark (if a digital recording) as the source for the quote.






In The Self and Socialization section of the Schaefer reading for the week (p. 57), Jean Piaget’s work was examined which emphasized the influence of social interaction in developing a sense of self, as well as an individual’s moral development and their perception of moral dilemmas. Building upon Piaget’s work, Lawrence Kohlberg and other social science researchers developed a general theory suggesting several sequential stages of moral development. This research focuses on the moral reasoning used to resolve moral dilemmas: situations in which possible actions violate at least one moral principle.

According to Kohlberg, the sequential stages of moral reasoning and development that people use (from A through F) to justify one’s resolution of moral dilemmas are listed below.

  1. Obedience to authority, in order to avoid punishment
  2. Self-interested concern, as in “what’s in my own self-interest”
  3. Conformity with the expectations of a primary, peer, or reference group
  4. Obedience to authority and societal rules in order to maintain social order
  5. The general welfare for the greatest number supersedes rigid laws
  6. Abstract universal moral principles trump laws that contradict one’s moral principles and obligates disobedience

Assume that the above general theory regarding sequential stages of moral development is valid.


  1. Suggest a hypothesis regarding how a sociological variable (e.g., social class, race, ethnicity, sex, sexual orientation, family structure, religiosity, educational attainment, occupation, etc.) would influence (as in impede or accelerate) one’s moral reasoning, according to the above sequenced stages. Explain in some detail the sociological reasoning behind your hypothesis.


Treat moral reasoning and development as the dependent variable in your hypothesis.


Treat your suggested sociological variable as the independent variable in your hypothesis.


Put your hypothesis in the format example used below –

The more people are characterized as/by __(your independent /sociological variable)__, the

more likely their moral reasoning and development (your dependent variable) will be characterized as/by __________.


  1. Compare the bureaucratic model reviewed by Schaefer to the alternative models sketched in the two online readings in Canvas on “Sociocracy” and “Holacracy” by Villines and Romme, as well as what’s suggested in this week’s “Own the Change …” video (https://egator.greenriver.edu/courses/1308243/pages/2-online-media-uploads). What do you feel is the most significant organizational dimension that differentiates bureaucracies from Holacracies?


In some detail, explain why.




According to Kohlberg: “The general welfare for the greatest number supersedes rigid laws.” –  I do agree with this statement, because in nowadays we do have many countries around the world and each one of them has its own rules, laws, cultural differences and etc.

1) First of all. In my hypothesis I do not want to offend anyone. I do respect all social variables, race, gender, sexual orientations, family structures and etc but sometimes it is tough to understand some weird people. Nowadays young generation are most likely disappointing middle-aged generation in the way how we live. I do consider we live in the wrong way. We live in the world of hate, judgments, enjoying people’s suffers. We live in negatively, we do have a lot of racists in young generation to certain race (e.g. White, Black, Asian, Latino, Middle-eastern, etc.) I had chance to observe people from all of the world. We are all equal. I am upset when I see so many hates on race, religion, our beliefs etc. Many of us are still living in basic stereotypes. I am studying in the United States and I met so many different people in the U.S. I can say that most of Americans are living in stereotype which basically means if you are from certain race or from certain religion equals you are a bad guy (e.g. Blacks, Muslims) and people should avoid to communicate with you. I am sad. I am very sad to see kinda those people who are being REJECTED in our daily life. I am from Kazakhstan, some people really believe that we are living poor and we are living the same as in a movie calls Borat. Many people are making fun of it. It is one of stereotype. Before, I transferred to study in the United States, I was studying in Malaysia. In Malaysia and Kazakhstan I never met any gays who can dress up as gays and be proud of it. In many Asian & European countries it is still uncommon. In our country, if a male person like a male. He would’ve been punched into his face and people would reject him and show their disrespect to him because he is a gay. I am sad, I use to be one of them, I used to dislike gays and show disrespect towards them which I apologize. I am studying in the United States and I started to respect them because it is their life to choose who do they want to be in this world. The more people are characterized as homosexual in our countries. Nowadays, you barely meet some open gays in CIS countries (e.g. In Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova and etc) and some Middle-Eastern countries. If people see homosexuals in our countries, they would’ve been in danger. That’s why many of middle-aged people can’t understand young generation because 20-30 years ago it wasn’t common to be a homosexualist. We should respect and help to anyone, anywhere at anytime because we are all equal.


2) I feel one of the most significant organizational dimension is more like a team work. I think the most important is cooperatives and able to do things. I mean in a video, we could see and listen the interview how people were giving their thoughts about the cooperatives/co-ops ideas and so on and so forth. If we use co/op models and etc. We would be more able to get our goals. They were mostly giving interview how they became successful and being a better person and being good at own business.




Please do a reply of the answers.

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By | 2018-09-17T21:30:23+00:00 September 17th, 2018|Business|